We'll usually take x-rays during your checkup, they are essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
The purpose of a professional dental cleaning is to remove the hard calculus called tartar from above and just below the gum line. Brushing and flossing at home removes plaque. Only dental instruments can remove calculus. We use special ultrasonic instruments to blast away the larger chunks of tartar. Then we follow up with hand instruments to thoroughly clean the teeth.
A comprehensive dental exam will be performed by your dentist at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up exams, your dentist and hygienist will perform the following:
- Examination of diagnostic X-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
- Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
- Gum disease evaluation: Check the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
- Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with special dental instruments.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
The crowns of your teeth may be polished to remove plaque and surface staining. Typical, an abrasive substance is applied to the teeth with a small rotating rubber cup or brush. This helps to scrub away stains. The polishing substance will feel gritty in your mouth, but you will be given chances to rinse.
Our staff will offer instructions for oral care at home based on the results of the exam. They will demonstrate how to brush and floss properly.
If we find any problems, we'll recommend steps to fix them. We always educate you and discuss different treatment options first before starting any treatment.